What types of acne are there?
Approximately 70-95% of young people suffer from acne vulgaris during puberty. The skin produces too much sebum, which, when combined with a hornification disorder, cannot drain away. As a result, the pores become blocked. Whiteheads and blackheads form, as do pus-like spots. In this type of acne there are basically three characteristics to differentiate between them:
- Acne comedonica is the mildest form and is distinguished by its un-inflamed blackheads.
- The medium-severe form, acne papulopustulosa, penetrates the deeper layers of the skin with its irritated spots and, in some cases, inflammations.
- Acne conglobata is the severest form of acne vulgaris – this presents lumps, abscesses and pustules that can result in noticeable scarring.
- Acne vulgaris usually disappears once puberty is over. If acne occurs after you've turned 25, it is known as late onset acne or “acne tarda”. The same acne treatment for "acne tarda" often applies to "acne conglobata", so be sure to read through our acne help regardless of your age.
This chronic type of acne occurs in phases. The symptoms are more severe and can be seen in more areas of the body such as the shoulders or groin. In this type, small lumps form under the skin that can develop into abscesses or pustules.
Small spots can form on the skin a few days after having been exposed to intense sun radiation. Such skin reactions occur due to UV rays interacting with oily sun protection products. It results in an inflammation in the hair follicles caused by free radicals.
Why does acne occur?
Acne – what can you do?
Less is sometimes more with acne help
What helps acne? How to look after blemished skin
Your daily care ritual should include intensive facial cleansing with an antibacterial washing gel. Use a mild scrub once a week and a facial mask to calm the skin. You can find out more about caring for greasy and impure skin here.
Ask your dermatologist for advice on acne help!
In addition to your daily skin care, severe forms of acne should be medically treated. There are many options for therapy and treatment depending on the degree of severity of the case and skin type. Together with your dermatologist, develop an acne treatment plan that is best suited to your needs.
Types of therapy for acne:
- Local therapy: this acne treatment treats the affected areas of skin with balms, tinctures, gels or lotions.
- Drug treatment: if local therapy is not successful, you should consider oral drug treatment.
- Alternative medicine: Ayurveda, kinesiology, Bach flowers, traditional Chinese medicine and bio-resonance can also help combat acne.
Clear skin – be active!
Food that is good for your skin
In addition to consistent and tailored skin care, your diet also has an important effect on your skin. Vitamins and antioxidants from fruit and vegetables are great for your skin, and a great way to help acne treatment. Your blood sugar level also has an impact on the development of acne. Studies have shown that a diet with a low glycemic load keeps your blood sugar level under control and helps to alleviate acne. In terms of nutrition, “Glycemic load” means the amount of carbohydrates that can be easily absorbed by the blood. People who suffer from acne should pay attention to their daily diet to make sure that this is kept as low as possible.
Stress or negative emotions have an effect on our physical health. Headaches and skin problems are often caused by stress. To prevent spots, make a targeted effort to avoid anxiety and tension. Take some time for yourself! Just by going jogging three times a week, you’ll suffer much less from the daily symptoms of stress. Taking time to relax is such a great way to provide your body with key acne help.
Relaxing baths not only release psychological and physical tensions; they are also great for your skin. Meditation and autogenic training can also have a positive influence on your state of mind. Find out more about how to create inner balance with various options here.
Our recommendations for you
Cleansing doesn’t have to be time-consuming. NIVEA Caring Micellar Water refreshes and cleanses in one quick and easy step, gently removing makeup. Save yourself a few minutes a day and spend more time doing what you enjoy.