Where does dry skin come from?
What causes dry skin – the most frequent triggers
- Dry skin can be inherited or congenital. With this skin type, the production of sebum and moisture regulation are disrupted. This leads to symptoms such as scaliness, itching, redness and occasionally inflammation, made worse by external influences.
- Cold, heat, wind and dry heated air can irritate and cause dry skin by removing moisture and attack natural protective barriers. This is why dry skin in winter is so prevalent.
- Water removes moisture from the skin if temperatures are too high as well. For this reason, avoid long hot showers and baths.
- Incorrect care can also cause dry skin. Alkaline soap-based shower gels damage the skin more than they benefit it. Use these products sparingly and choose re-hydrating cleansing products such as NIVEA In-Shower Body Moisturiser that doesn't cause dry skin.
- You can learn how to treat dry skin and more.
Dry skin – what is going on under the surface?
Natural moisturising factor (NMF) is responsible for balancing the skin’s moisture levels, keeping this in balance is key to preventing dry skin. This mixture of various metabolic products, sweat and sebum absorbs the moisture and protects the skin from drying out.
When the natural moisturising factor is depleted, skin can become dehydrated, causing dry and flaky skin. Skin lipids play an crucial part in regulating the moisture balance. These lipids form a natural protective barrier and minimise water loss and reducing dry skin.
When the skin has a lack of these important lipids symptoms of dry skin such as tightness and redness can occur. Finally, there is also dry skin that suffers from both too low a moisturising factor and from a lack of lipids. The individual severity of redness, irritation or flakiness in dry skin depends on the particular skin structure.
Skin moisture – responsible for beauty and well-being
Why moisture is important for preventing dry skin
The skin is also unable to naturally regenerate without moisture, as the messenger substances for building new skin cells cannot reach the areas where they are needed without water.
Moisture is particularly important for maintaining the elasticity of our skin. Without water, every small movement would tear the skin.
- Dry skin needs special care and attention to care for it. The NIVEA Repair & Care moisturising products have been developed especially for very dry skin and contain valuable dexpanthenol.
- Dexpanthenol is the precursor of vitamin B5, and is also described as the queen of skin vitamins. This substance strengthens the natural protective barriers of dry skin and restores its balance: It encourages the production of new cells and helps existing ones to regenerate themselves.
- Dexpanthenol actively works against redness in the skin, the perfect antidote to dry skin.
- After just a few applications, dry and cracked areas are regenerated more effectively. Irritations are soothed and the skin feels smooth again.