What causes dark spots?
Dark spots are the result of overproduction of melanin in the skin. They can vary in size and darkness but are not painful. They can appear anywhere on your body but are often found on the backs of hands, face, back and shoulders.
Dark spots are affected by three factors; sun exposure, ageing and hormonal changes.
UV light is the most common cause of dark spots on the skin, whether it be directly from the sun or tanning beds. When your skin is exposed to the sun, melanin is produced which can sometimes look uneven and appear as dark spots. To avoid this, sun cream for dark spots can be used to minimise your skin's exposure to the sun.
As you age, your skin starts to behave differently, and as a result, melanin production can become inconsistent - resulting in dark spots. Anyone at any age can develop dark spots but some factors are more likely to spark their appearance. For example, being older than 40, having fair skin and a history of extensive sun exposure can all play a part in how common dark spots are on your skin.
Hormonal changes can have a huge impact on your skin, in many different ways. These can be caused by the transformation your body goes through during pregnancy or menopause, and trigger an overproduction of melanin in your skin.
Pregnant women sometimes suffer from a condition called ‘Melasma’, which is where dark spots form on the face, most commonly on the forehead, chin, cheeks, upper lip or nose. Topical cream for dark spots on face is available but be sure to seek medical advice if you have concerns.
How To Treat Dark Spots
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1Self-assessment, 12-week study with 34 women using the Advanced Treatment Serum, 2018