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How To Get Rid Of Age Spots

Learn everything about age spots, from what they are, what causes them and how to get rid of age spots.

How To Get Rid Of Age Spots

 Brown spots on hands? Small, dark discolorations on the face? Take it easy: so-called age spots are a completely natural and harmless reaction of the skin. Still, many wish to remove their age spots. So what are age spots? We'll show you what helps and advice on how to get rid of age spots.

What are age spots?

Whether on the face or on the hands, age spots usually appear from the age of 40 and are a natural sign of ageing. After all, our skin has endured a lot for us over the years. Age spots can affect people of all skin types, but they're more common in adults with light skin.

Age spots are light brown to black discolorations of the skin. Because they increase in number and intensity over the years, they are called "age spots". In principle, however, these are pigment spots that occur in the course of skin ageing and through years of exposure to the sun. 

There are many skin spots so how do you know what age spots? You can recognize age spots by the fact that the skin discolours, but does not rise (as with liver spots, for example). Freckles also do not rise and are therefore easily confused with age spots. However, you can recognize age spots because they are usually more extensive than freckles. In addition, since freckles are genetically determined pigment spots in the epidermis, they have usually been there since childhood.

Read on to discover what causes age spots and how to get rid of age spots.

 


What causes age spots?

Age spots are primarily caused by long-term exposure to the sun. In addition, hormonal factors and genetic predisposition can also be causes of age spots. In order to understand how skin discoloration occurs, a distinction is made between lentigines seniles (age spots) and lentigines solaris (sun spots).

 

 

These are the differences:


Lentigines seniles: Over time, the yellowish pigment lipofuscin (also called age pigment) is deposited on the epidermis. There it discolours them in some places. This process is part of the natural ageing of the skin - but UV rays and oxidative stress can accelerate it.

 

Lentigines solaris: When exposed to sunlight, the skin produces the pigment melanin to protect itself. Years of exposure to the sun can eventually lead to overactive melanin production, so that the pigment accumulates and manifests itself as a spot.

 


Are age spots dangerous?

 

 

Age spots are usually not dangerous. They are a natural sign of ageing in the skin. However, there is a risk of confusing it with melanoma. If you are unsure, have the skin discolouration examined by a dermatologist.

Age spots mainly appear on the face and hands

 

Because the development of age spots is so closely linked to sun exposure that has been “collected” over time, age spots primarily appear on sun-exposed areas of the skin. Accordingly, age spots form primarily on the face and hands. But other areas can also be affected: the spots often appear on the upper side of the forearms or in the décolleté.


What are age spots on face?

 

 

Age spots on face are very common as it’s an area frequently exposed to the sun, a primary trigger of age spots.

 
Sun spots appear when melanin (which is responsible for skin pigment) is produced in high concentrations - known as hyperpigmentation, which is why age spots are more common on those exposed areas of the skin. 


Age spots on face or on the hands vary in size, and will often grow over time.

 

They usually start off larger than freckles, which they are sometimes confused with, but age spots on face won’t fade without being helped along by treatments.


How to get rid of age spots on face

The best way to treat age spots on face is to minimise the skin’s exposure to UV light, which means applying SPF daily, even on cool, overcast days. If you’re worried about age spots on face, it's important to get them checked by a specialist to eliminate any other conditions. 
 

If age spots are troubling you, there are procedures available that can treat age spots on face - including laser or cryotherapy. It is important to seek specialist help before embarking on a course of invasive (and often expensive) treatment.

 

Before going down the route of invasive and expensive treatment, try sticking to a regular skin routine. Adopting a routine that uses ingredients to target age spots on face, can go a long way to help diminish their appearance and even out your skin tone. 
 
Morning: New Cellular LUMINOUS630 anti dark spot is our breakthrough dark spot treatment that, if used regularly, works with your skin to reduce the appearance of age spots on face within four weeks. First thing, apply Cellular LUMINOUS630 Serum to clean skin before massaging in Cellular LUMINOUS630 Day Fluid SPF50 that protects existing spots from getting darker and prevents them from reappearing.
 
Evening: After applying Cellular LUMINOUS630 Serum to clean skin, massage in regenerating and revitalising Cellular Luminous630 Anti Dark-Spot Even Tone Night Cream.
 
For a more intensive treatment around the eye area, a prominent area for age spots on face, dab on Cellular Luminus630 Anti-Dark Circles Eye Treatment Cream which brightens and soothes out skin tone around the eyes.


What are age spots on hands

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Your hands are just as vulnerable to the sun and other elements as your face - and we are often not so kind to them. Our hands are often overlooked when we apply sunscreen, which leaves them particularly exposed to age spots.

 

Age spots on hands usually occur on the back of the hands, and, like age spots on face, can grow and merge together.

 

Age spots on hands can appear flat and brownish in colour. Sometimes age spots on hands can appear as raised growths known as seborrheic keratosis. 


How to get rid of age spots on hands

 

 

 

 

To minimise age spots on hands, apply sunscreen to the backs of your hands as frequently as you do your face.

 
Get into the habit of slathering on hand cream that targets age spots on hands. NIVEA 3in1 Anti-Age Care Hand Cream, is a nourishing lotion that visibly reduces the appearance of wrinkles and helps to prevent UV-induced age spots and even out the skin tone. Use regularly, especially before bed to reap its full benefits.

NIVEA 3IN1 Q10 ANTI-AGE CARE HAND CREAM


What are age spots on the legs

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While age spots on face and age spots on hands are common, age spots can also appear on other parts of the body, including the legs. Age spots on the legs are a most common cause of this discoloration and, just like age spots on face, these pigmentations develop from sun exposure, hormonal changes, pregnancy, or some types of medications.

While age spots on the legs are, as with age spots on face or on the hands, not a medical concern, occasionally, these brown spots can be an early symptom of an underlying condition such as chronic venous insufficiency. If you are concerned about a sudden appearance of brown spots, seek medical advice.

 


How to prevent age spots

Have you discovered the first age spots? If you like, they can be treated with the right care. Here’s how to get rid of age spots with a few tips and tricks.


Advice on how to prevent age spots and how to get rid of age spots:


To remove age spots, you have the following options on how to get rid of age spots:
Q10 ENERGY HEALTHY GLOW DAY CREAM

Use cream for age spots

Cream for age spots can help to reduce the visibility of age spots and prevent new spots from forming. Recipes with cell-protecting active ingredients such as vitamin C, like our NIVEA Q10 Energy Day Cream or vitamin E are ideal - and will also help to protect you from age spots on face. NIVEA Cellular LUMINOUS630 Anti-Dark Spot Triple Protection Day Cream SPF 50 is a lightweight day cream that helps to visibly reduce dark-spots. With its high SPF, it will also protect your skin from the reappearance of age spots on face.
 
Tip: In order to achieve a clear effect, you should use a cream for age spots daily, over a longer period of time.

Use serum against age spots

Serums are formulated more intensively than day and night creams. That is why they are perfect for responding to the individual needs of the skin and are a great addition to your skin care routine, especially if you are looking to get rid of age spots. Special serums against age spots can help to lighten dark discolorations and thus refine your complexion in a targeted manner. 
 
Tip: Gently pat your serum into the skin.

Use a chemical peel

Fruit acid peels cause the top layer of skin to peel off and then form again. Superficial pigmentations can fade after several treatments. However, if you want to remove deeper age spots, the chemical peel must be more concentrated. Either way, the application should always be carried out by a dermatologist to avoid risking skin injuries. 
 
Important: After an acid peel, the skin is irritated and more sensitive to light than before.

Have microdermabrasion performed

With this treatment, the upper layers of the skin are controlled and removed mechanically. This is done using fine crystals that are blasted onto the skin at high speed and then suctioned off again. The result: Deep discolorations are removed and the skin regenerates.
 
Important: Microdermabrasion is performed by beauticians and dermatologists. It is best to first find out exactly whether a treatment is suitable for your skin type.

Try home remedies

Lemons are considered a natural home remedy for age spots. The essential oils found in the peels, as well as the vitamin C found in the fruit, are said to help inhibit melanin production and break down dark pigments in the skin. If you would like to try the effect, simply dab some lemon oil or juice on the affected areas and let it take effect. Other home remedies for age spots include apple cider vinegar or potato juice. When dabbed onto the skin, these agents can also have a lightening effect. 
 
Important: These home remedies do not replace the daily beauty routine.

Concealer

If you want to cover age spots, you can reduce or cover their appearance with concealer, a foundation or a tinted day cream. 
 
Tip: The darker the age spots, the more opaque the make-up should be. In addition, products with caring components and an integrated sun protection factor prevent the development of new age spots

Don’t forget: sun protection

The most reliable remedy for how to get rid of age spots and prevent them in the first place, is sunscreen. Because with sufficiently high UV protection, dark skin discoloration occurs less frequently.


How to prevent age spots: protect from the sun

Age spots on face and elsewhere are a very pleasant sign of mature skin. However, various factors can cause the skin to age very quickly and severely. In order to prevent this, there is above all one way to let your skin age healthily and slowly, in the spirit of slow aging: sun protection. Here are some tips on not only how to get rid of age spots, but to slow their appearance.

Applying lotion: Those who protect their skin from the sun’s rays consistently, and with the right sun protection factor, will avoid the appearance of age spots – or at least delay them. Sun creams are a must, especially in sunny months. This applies in particular to the parts of the skin that are not protected by clothing: such as the face, décolleté, forearms and hands. 
Tip: Avoid midday in summer, when the sun shines most intensely. Then find a spot in the shade. Sun hats and parasols are also recommended as additional protection against UV radiation.

 

Avoid solarium: Artificial UV radiation in the solarium also promotes the formation of age spots and skin aging in general. By the way: Even a single visit to the sunbed increases the risk of skin cancer.

 

Rely on antioxidants: UV radiation creates free radicals. These in turn lead to oxidative stress, which ages the skin and causes age spots to form. The counter-program: antioxidants. In skin creams, they help  to neutralise free radicals in the form of vitamin C or Q10
Tip: You  can also support the regenerative properties of your skin with a healthy diet. In particular, foods rich in antioxidants ensure healthy and glowing skin. Therefore, eat too much fruit, vegetables and legumes.