woman learning how to get rid of dark spots

How To Get Rid Of Dark Spots

Want to know how to get rid of dark spots? Read our guide on everything you need to know about dark spots on face & dark spots on body.

How To Get Rid Of Dark Spots

Dark spots or brown patches are pigemenations that form on the skin. Dark spots on face are particularly common, although dark spots on body also affect many people. They appear when melanin - which is the pigment that determines the colour of your skin - is overproduced. This results in a patch of skin being darker than the surrounding skin.
 

 

 

 

Dark spots are common in the following areas:

- back of the hands
- face
- back
- shoulders


While not dangerous, dark spots, particularly dark spots on face, can be unwelcome and some people with them want to know how to get rid of dark spots on face. The good news is, it is possible to reduce the appearance of dark spots with targeted treatments and ingredients. 
Read on to discover what causes dark spots, how to get rid of dark spots on face and how to get rid of dark spots on body.


What are the main causes of dark spots?

Knowing the main causes of brown patches on skin can help to understand how to avoid them in the first place. Although some causes are unavoidable, it is still important to understand why you’ve developed dark spots. Brown patches on skin can be caused by a number of different reasons:
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Sun Damage - A main source of dark spots is excessive sun exposure. This is why brown spots on the face are common, as well as other areas that are often exposed to the sun. Sun damage causes the skin to produce extra melanin as a protection against harmful UV rays. As a result, dark spots on face and other areas of the body start to appear.
 
Melasma - Melasma also affects areas of your body that are often exposed to the sun - causing brown spots on face, neck, hands and other areas. It is much more common in women, as it can be provoked by hormone imbalances triggered during pregnancy, menopause or when using birth control. There’s no need to worry, melasma is harmless and does not raise any medical concerns.
 
Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation - This is caused when the skin has undergone a form of trauma i.e. acne scars, burns or psoriasis - leaving behind brown spots on skin. It is particularly prevalent as we get older, as our skin cells do not reproduce as quickly, these are sometimes referred to as age spots.
 


Dark spots on face

Dark spots on face are very common because the face is frequently exposed to the sun, and UV light is a major cause of dark spots.

Dark spots on face can appear:

  • After a spot or psoriasis flare up clears
  • During pregnancy or the menopause
  • If an insect bite, cut, burn, or other injury heals

  • With certain medications
  • If a skin or hair care product irritates the skin
  • With hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy

Dark spots are different to freckles; dark spots are typically larger and appear later in life. 


How to get rid of dark spots on face

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Depending on the cause, dark spots on face can sometimes clear on their own, for example if you stop using a product that is irritating the skin, or a scar heals. Dark patches can fade, only for new dark spots to appear, and sometimes getting rid of dark spots on face needs a helping hand. 

 

Dark spots on face are accelerated by exposure to pollution and appear more obvious on dull skin.

 

There are dark spot creams and correctors designed to target dark spots. These products contain active ingredients that treat unwanted pigment in a targeted area and help to reduce future skin discolouration.

Look for products containing vitamin C and E that fight free radicals, helping to fade the appearance of dark spots as well as boosting radiance.

  • Use dark spot corrector creams that target dark spots on face
  • Wear SPF: sunscreen is your best defence against dark spots on face. Get into the habit of wearing a high SPF facial cream daily, even on cloudy cool days, over your regular moisturiser. Aim for an SPF of at least 30. 
  • Adapt your skincare routine to include products that contain ingredients designed to get rid of dark spots


Skincare routine tips on how to get rid of dark spots on face

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Use a gentle cleanser or balm to wash your face twice daily. Dark spots can be made worse by ingredients that irritate your skin. Then apply a serum and day cream that act on dark spots.

Our NIVEA Cellular LUMINOUS630 Anti-Dark Spot Triple Protection Day Cream SPF 50 and NIVEA Cellular Luminous 630 Serum contain complexion-brightening ingredients that target pigment-producing cells, to give an even skin tone, working to lighten spots and reduce their size. Use it as part of your morning routine for a hydrating boost with a hefty sun protection side line. A high factor SPF also prevents dark spots on face.

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At night, switch your cream up with a lotion designed to get rid of dark spots. Our NIVEA Cellular Luminous630 Anti Dark-Spot Even Tone Night Cream acts on existing pigmentation to visibly reduce dark spots on face, while balancing new melanin production overnight to prevent the appearance of new dark spots.

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Hydration is also key to banishing dark spots on face. It helps to even out skin tone, plump the skin and restore tired skin - that in turn diminishes the appearance of dark spots on face. 


Dark spots on body

As with dark spots on face, dark spots on body are the result of an overproduction of melanin. 

 

Dark spots on body can appear on: 

  • arms
  • hands 
  • legs

 

Darks spots on body can be caused by a number of factors. These can include:

  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation from trauma to skin from, for example, shaving, which affects the production of melanin. 
  • Sun exposure
  • Skin injury 
  • Razor burn from shaving
  • Hormonal changes

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Wondering how to get rid of dark spots on body? Read on for all the information you need.


How to get rid of dark spots on body

 

 

 

 

 

Dark spots can develop on parts of the body if they are regularly exposed to the sun. Apply sunscreen of SPF 30 or above before going outdoors and cover your body whenever possible.


Skincare tips on how to get rid of dark spots on body

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Just as your face responds to a good skincare routine, so does your body. Vitamin C, vitamin B12 and vitamin E can help treat dark spots on body. Vitamin E and B12 promote collagen production (this is what gives our skin its elasticity and bounce), while vitamin C is well known for its antioxidant, firming and brightening effects. Vitamin E can also soothe scarring which can decrease the appearance of dark spots on body. 

We recommend using body lotion regularly - twice daily if you can. Apply to damp skin for maximum effects. Try a body lotion with natural almond oil and vitamin E, for deep hydration and care. 


How to prevent dark spots on skin

Not all causes of dark spots on skin can be prevented - some occur naturally due to age and other factors. That being said, brown spots on skin caused by sun damage can be prevented. We’ve highlighted some tips to help you prevent brown patches on skin caused by sun damage:

 

 

1) Use Sunscreen - Using sunscreen protects your skin from the sun damage that causes brown spots on skin. By using a high SPF sunscreen - you can prevent your skin from becoming damaged and ensure that it's as healthy as possible to combat dark spots on skin.


2) Cover Up - Brown spots on face, neck and other overexposed areas can be prevented by covering them from the sun. Even if you use sunscreen, these areas are still more prone to dark spots than others. Try a baseball cap or a broad-brimmed hat to offer your face and neck protection from the sun.

3) Avoid The Midday Sun - The sun is at its hottest and most intense between 12:00 and 14:00. During these hours you are much more likely to suffer from sun damage that can lead to brown spots on skin. To prevent this, find some shade during this part of the day, and enjoy the sun at times when it isn't as damaging to your skin.