Why Do We Get Freckles?

Freckled skin is common, but few people are aware of what really causes these little brown specks and how to look after them.

What are freckles?

Discover what causes skin to freckle easily and who is more likely to have these wonderful markings.

What causes freckles?

Freckles are brown spots found on skin that is regularly exposed to sun - they are smooth to touch and, unlike moles, are not raised up from the skin’s surface. The colour of freckles is caused by a pigment called melanin. The more time you spend in the sun, the more melanin is produced, which is why you might notice more skin freckles after being outside on a sunny day.

Genes also play a big part in who gets freckles. If certain members of the family are prone to freckled skin, it’s likely that others will be too. Nobody is born with freckles, but they usually start to develop during childhood and sometimes vanish during adulthood as we get older. Don’t be alarmed if your freckles fade in the winter and darken in the summer – this is completely normal.

Can anyone get freckles?

Anybody can have freckled skin, but the colour of the specks may be lighter or darker depending on your hair and skin colour. People with red-coloured hair and fair skin are more likely to have freckles, but this is just one of many factors that affect whether skin freckles.

How to care for freckles

Your freckles are what make you so unique – learn how to make the most of gorgeous freckled skin.

Beautiful freckles deserve the best care

Skin that freckles easily should be embraced and well cared for. The way to do this is with a thorough skincare routine that gives the skin exactly what it needs. As freckled skin tends to be on the fairer side, it can be prone to damage from UVA and UVB rays. NIVEA Sun Anti-Age Face Sun Cream contains highly effective UVA/UVB filters for the immediate protection you need and should be reapplied often even on days where it doesn't seem sunny.

If you prefer to minimise the intensity of your freckles and blemishes, why not try NIVEA Tinted Moisturising Day Care, which evens out the skin tone whilst moisturising for a radiant and hydrated complexion.

6 useful tips for caring for freckled skin

  • Stay out of the sun during the hottest hours of the day to protect your delicate skin.
  • Always apply moisturiser after being out in the sun to keep freckled skin smooth and supple.
  • Don’t cover up freckles with a heavy foundation – learn to love your unique markings.
  • To even out freckled areas, use a brow pencil to dot in a few extras.
  • Products with SPF protect your face from UVA and UVB radiation – include sunscreen for face in your daily routine.

Step-by-step face care routine for freckled skin


Always remember to remove makeup and impurities by cleansing the skin at the beginning and end of every day. Using an effective and hydrating cleanser like NIVEA Daily Essentials Cleansing Milk will be gentle on your beautiful freckled skin and leave your complexion looking fresh.

Step-by-step face care routine for freckled skin


Exfoliating with a peeling such as NIVEA Exfoliating Scrub is important for removing dead skin cells and unclogging pores. However, don’t exfoliate too often, as this can irritate the skin - read our exfoliation guide for more tips.

Step-by-step face care routine for freckled skin


Toning removes any excess sebum and other impurities and refreshes the skin ready for moisturising. NIVEA Refreshing Toner leaves freckled skin feeling invigorated with its refreshing formula and supports the skin’s natural moisture balance.

Step-by-step face care routine for freckled skin


Like all other skin types, skin that freckles easily also needs to be hydrated to stay radiant and beautiful. Apply a NIVEA night cream before going to sleep to support the skin’s regeneration process at night for smooth and fresh skin in the morning.

Step-by-step face care routine for freckled skin

Applying eye cream

Hydrating the delicate eye area is an essential skin care step, as this area is more fragile and prone to dryness. If you apply an effective eye cream, you can minimise the appearance puffiness and dark circles to brighten the sensitive eye contour.

Can you prevent freckles?

Staying out of the sun and use sun cream